SB 1.7.35

मैनं पार्थार्हसि त्रातुं ब्रह्मबन्धुमिमं जहि ।
योऽसावनागसः सुप्तानवधीन्निशि बालकान् ॥३५॥


mainaṁ pārthārhasi trātuṁ
brahma-bandhum imaṁ jahi
yo ‘sāv anāgasaḥ suptān
avadhīn niśi bālakān


plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigma

are not; do not (speak); do not; don't; from me; let it not be; let there not be; may it never be; may not; me; my; never; never be it so; never do it; never to be; not; please do not; to me; unto me; us; whether or not; without.
enamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigenam

about the soul; against Him; him (Ajāmila); him (Bali Mahārāja); him (Prahlāda Mahārāja); him (Pṛthu); him; King Pṛthu; Kṛṣṇa; Lord Brahmā; that; the deer calf; the King; the King of heaven, Indra; the Lord; these; this (body); this (Jaḍa Bharata); this (soul); this; this arrangement; this body; this boy; this Kṛṣṇa; this man; this mind; this one (Vṛtrāsura); this particular; this poor Bali Mahārāja; this soul; to the child; to the Lord; unto Him; unto King Purūravā; unto Kṛṣṇa; unto this Bharata (Jaḍa Bharata); unto this soul.
—never unto him; pārthaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpārtha

Arjuna; My dear Arjuna; O Arjuna; O Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira; O Pārtha (Arjuna); O Pārtha (son of Pṛthā); O Pārtha; O son of Prthā; O son of Pṛthā (Arjuna); O son of Pṛthā (Kuntī); O son of Pṛthā; of Arjuna, son of Pṛthā (Kuntī).
—O Arjuna; arhasiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigarhasi

are able; are worthy; be pleased; by the prowess; deserve; desire; may kindly be explained; may you do it; may you do so; ought; ought to; ought to do it; please (accept); please; requested to do; you are able; you deserve; you ought; You should.
—ought to; trātumplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtrātum

give release.
—give release; brahmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbrahma

brahma; brāhmaṇas; mantras beginning with oṁ (such as oṁ tad viṣṇoḥ paramaṁ padaṁ sadā paśyanti sūrayaḥ); Veda; Vedas; absolute; Absolute Truth; all my brahminical qualifications; all the Vedas; all the Vedas with their different branches of knowledge; all the Vedas; all transcendental literatures; and brahma; Being; brahma; Brahmaloka; Brahman; brahminical civilization; brahminical culture; by Lord Brahmā; called by the name Brahman; from the activities of Brahman realization or austerity; Gāyatrī hymns; impersonal Brahman; impersonal Brahman realization; is the brāhmaṇas; knowledge of Brahman; Kṛṣṇa; Lord Brahmā; of a brāhmaṇa; of impersonal Brahman; of impersonal Brahman, or the Absolute Truth; of Lord Brahmā; of the brāhmaṇas; of the impersonal effulgence; spirit; spiritual; spiritual kingdom; spiritual knowledge; spiritual nature; spiritual power; Supreme; the brāhmaṇas; the Vedas; the Absolute; the Absolute Truth; the all-pervading Absolute Truth; the brahminical culture; the greatest; the Gāyatrī mantra; the impersonal Brahman (which is an emanation from Kṛṣṇa); the impersonal Brahman; the impersonal Brahman effulgence; the impersonal feature; the Parabrahman, Kṛṣṇa; the personified Vedas; the Supreme; the Supreme Absolute Truth; the Supreme Brahman; the Supreme Brahman, the Personality of Godhead; the Supreme Lord; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; the supreme spirit; the supreme truth, the Absolute Truth, Brahman; the Vedic knowledge; the Vedic literatures; the Vedic wisdom; Transcendence; transcendental; truth; unlimited; Vedic; Vedic knowledge; Vedic sound; without change; You are known as Brahman.
-bandhumplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbandhum

friend; relative.
—a relative of a brāhmaṇa; imamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigimam

all these; him; now present before me; this (love of Godhead); this (material world); this; this body; this child; this exalted position; this science; thus; unto the Supreme Lord.
—him; jahiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjahi

become victorious; conquer; give up; just conquer; just give up; kill; please conquer; please kill; subdue it; wash out.
—kill; yaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigyah

who; a devotee who; a person; a person who; all those; any person who; any such master who; anyone (king or governor); anyone; anyone who; Bali Mahārāja; because; everything; he (who has); he; he person who; He who (Govinda); he who (Jahnu); He who (Lord Nārāyaṇa); He who (Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu); he who (my so-called husband); he who (Somadatta); He who (the Lord); He who (the Personality of Godhead); He who (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); he who (Śunaḥśepha); he who; I who; it is He only; King Khaṭvāṅga who; Lord Rāmacandra who; Mahārāja Sagara who; on account of; one; one of the sons of Sagara Mahārāja; one which; one who (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); one who (Viśvāmitra); one who; one who is; person; such a person (as you); such a person; that; that is; that person; that Personality of Godhead who; that same person who; that which; the Lord who; the one; the one who; the person; the person who; the same Jaḍa Bharata who was formerly Mahārāja Bharata, the son of Mahārāja Ṛṣabhadeva; the same Rāhu; the Supreme Lord who; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; the Supreme Personality of Godhead who; the system; who; who are; who is; whoever; whom; you who; Your Lordship.
—he (who has); asauplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigasau

a person in the renounced order; all those; he (Dakṣa); he (Hiraṇyakaśipu); He (Kṛṣṇa); He (Lord Kṛṣṇa); He (Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa); He (the Lord); He (the Personality of Godhead); He (the Supreme Person); he; like the sun; Lord Boar; Lord Paraśurāma; Lord Viṣṇu; Lord Śiva; Mahārāja Ambarīṣa; Nanda Mahārāja; she; such a person; such a worshiper; such an act; that (death); that (mountain); that ātmā, or living being; that; that determination or desire; that full-moon night; that Kaṁsa; that king; that man; that one (Dakṣa); that one (King Citraketu); that one (Lord Kṛṣṇa); that one; that other; that Paramātmā; that person (myself); that person; that softness; that Supreme; that Supreme Personality of Godhead; that Śrī Kṛṣṇa; the child; the King; the King of heaven; the living entity; the offender; the personality known as Maru; the Personality of Godhead; the same; the same Lord; the sun; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; there he is; they; this brāhmaṇa; this; this Ajāmila; this Hiraṇyakaśipu; this man; those; was the same person.
—those; anāgasaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_biganāgasaḥ

faultless; of he who was faultless; offenseless; who are faultless.
—faultless; suptānplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsuptān

sleeping; while sleeping.
—while sleeping; avadhītplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigavadhīt

did kill; have killed; he killed; kill; killed; killed immediately; let him kill.
—killed; niśiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigniśi

at night; in the dead of night; in the night; nocturnal; the whole night.
—at night; bālakānplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbālakān

boys; children; the boys; their sons.
—the boys. 


Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa said: O Arjuna, you should not show mercy by releasing this relative of a brāhmaṇa [brahma-bandhu], for he has killed innocent boys in their sleep. 


The word brahma-bandhu is significant. A person who happens to take birth in the family of a brāhmaṇa but is not qualified to be called a brāhmaṇa is addressed as the relative of a brāhmaṇa, and not as a brāhmaṇa. The son of a high-court judge is not virtually a high-court judge, but there is no harm in addressing a high-court judge’s son as a relative of the Honorable Justice. Therefore, as by birth only one does not become a high-court judge, so also one does not become a brāhmaṇa simply by birthright but by acquiring the necessary qualifications of a brāhmaṇa. As the high-court judgeship is a post for the qualified man, so also the post of a brāhmaṇa is attainable by qualification only. The śāstra enjoins that even if good qualifications are seen in a person born in a family other than that of a brāhmaṇa, the qualified man has to be accepted as a brāhmaṇa, and similarly if a person born in the family of a brāhmaṇa is void of brahminical qualification, then he must be treated as a non-brāhmaṇa or, in better terms, a relative of a brāhmaṇa. Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the supreme authority of all religious principles, the Vedas, has personally pointed out these differences, and He is about to explain the reason for this in the following ślokas.