SB 1.3.9

तुर्ये धर्मकलासर्गे नरनारायणावृषी ।
भूत्वात्मोपशमोपेतमकरोद्दुश्चरं तपः ॥९॥


turye dharma-kalā-sarge
nara-nārāyaṇāv ṛṣī
akarod duścaraṁ tapaḥ


turyeplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigturye

in the fourth of the line; in the transcendental stage.
—in the fourth of the line; dharmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdharma

activities; acts of religion; by Mahārāja Dharma, or Dharmarāja; by their pious activities; characteristic function; characteristic nature; characteristics; characteristics of age; Dharmeyu; duties; duty; factual occupation; for the right cause; in religious activities; in the form of dedication to the husband, etc; My religion; O personality of religion; O personality of religious principles; O Vidura; occupation; occupational duties; occupational duty; of Dharma, the god of piety; of religious life; of religious principles; piety; principle; principles of devotional service; principles of religion; regular activities; religion; religiosity; religious; religious practice; religious principle; religious principles; religious procedures; the character; the duty; the occupation; the occupational duty; the principles; the religion; the religious principles; vow.
-kalāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkala

—wife of Dharmarāja; sargeplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsarge

being born of; creation; for creation; in creation; in the beginning of the creation; the creation.
—being born of; naraplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignara

human being; of Nara; the human beings; the inhabitants of the earthly planets.
-nārāyaṇauplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignārāyaṇau

both Nara and Nārāyaṇa; named Nara and Nārāyaṇa.
—named Nara and Nārāyaṇa; ṛṣīplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigrsi

a saintly person; as a great saint (Paraśurāma); by the great sage Nārada; great sages; great saintly persons; of the sages; sages; saintly persons; the great sages; the saintly persons; with the great saintly persons.
—sages; bhūtvāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbhūtvā

again taking birth; appearing; assuming; becoming; becoming so; being elevated to that post; being so (they should not have become like that); came into being; having become; manifesting; so becoming; so being; taking birth; will become.
—becoming; ātmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigatma

and of the soul; and of the Supersoul (Paramātmā); and the mind; body; by a manifestation of Yourself; by the body and mind; by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; by themselves; by Yourself; heart; Himself; his; in Himself; in the body; in the living entities; into the self; living being; mind; of all living entities; of Himself; of one's self; of spiritual knowledge; of the mind; of the mind and senses; of the soul; of the Supreme; one's own; own; personal; self; self-realized; soul; spirit; Supersoul; the body and mind; the devotees are the Lord's heart and soul; the mind; the mind and body; the self; the spirit; the Supersoul; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; the Supreme Self; the tree of work; to the body; upon the Supersoul; within; Yourself; ātmā.
-upaśamaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigupaśama

completely peaceful, in control of the senses and mind; control of the senses; diminishing; suppresses.
—controlling the senses; upetamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigupetam

approaching; arrived; containing; equipped; for achievement of; in connection with.
—for achievement of; akarotplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigakarot

accepted; accepted the baby; created; decorated; did; did exhibit; did he do; did perform; enacted; executed; has performed; made; maintained; performed; undertook; will make.
—undertook; duścaramplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigduścaram

severe; very difficult; very difficult to do; very strenuous.
—very strenuous; tapaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtapah

and austerities; austerities (such as observing fasts at least twice in a month on the day of Ekādaśī); austerities; austerities and penances; austerities like mental control, mystic yoga and meditation; austerity; austerity and penance; by austerities; by austerity; in austerity; of austerity; penance; penances; practice of austerities and penances; the austerity; the performers of austerities; the planetary system above the Janas; the regulative principles of austerity; the result of austerity; the Tapoloka planet; the Tapoloka planetary system; trueness to one's responsibility; with austerities.


In the fourth incarnation, the Lord became Nara and Nārāyaṇa, the twin sons of the wife of King Dharma. Thus He undertook severe and exemplary penances to control the senses. 


As King Ṛṣabha advised His sons, tapasya, or voluntary acceptance of penance for realization of the Transcendence, is the only duty of the human being; it was so done by the Lord Himself in an exemplary manner to teach us. The Lord is very kind to the forgetful souls. He therefore comes Himself and leaves behind necessary instructions and also sends His good sons as representatives to call all the conditioned souls back to Godhead. Recently, within the memory of everyone, Lord Caitanya also appeared for the same purpose: to show special favor to fallen souls of this age of iron industry. The incarnation of Nārāyaṇa is worshiped still at Badarī-nārāyaṇa, on the range of the Himalayas.